1)Present Continuous Tense:
Key Words for Present Continuous Tense:
the present tense you have to add the letter (s) at the end of the main verb with the third person He/She/ it)
Key Words for
Simple Present Tense:
On Fridays/Sundays/ (any other day names)
All the time
go to school everyday. On weekends,
my sister likes to practice
usually swims on Fridays.
watch TV sometimes. My
brother enjoys playing video
games; he seldom watches TV.
usually rains in winter.
verbs that end with d
in the past tense or past
participle forms) (Irregular Verbs: verbs that dont end with
ed or d
Key words for
Simple Past Tense:
week/ month/ year
The students worked hard last week. (work+ed)
I ate pizza last night. (eat-ate-eaten)
I had lunch with my father yesterday.
I was born in 1980. (am-was)
(be+going to+infinitive)& (Will)
Key words for
On Friday/ Saturday/Sunday/Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday
In 10 minutes/ two hours
to talk about an action that
will happen in the future, or near future, in addition to
predictions, in an informal (casual) way?
(be going to) to
talk about informal future actions.
(will) to talk about formal future actions.
I am + going to + live
in New York next year.
are + going to + play soccer next month.
Informal near future action:
am + going to + boil the
are + going to + have a hair cut next week.
is + going to + get
up at 5.30 am tomorrow.
The plane is + going to + take off in five minutes.
when you expect
something is going to happen both in the future and in the
It is cloudy. It is + going to +
+ going to + be tall like his father when he becomes a man.
The baby is crying. She is
+ going to +be
say or write (I am going to
go to home tomorrow).
and write (I am going to
you can say and write (I am going to go to the movies tomorrow.)
5) Have to: (have + to + infinitive)
In addition to the interesting Irregular
verbs like (be, do, and have), we also have the irregular verb (have to). When you use (have to) in affirmative
(positive) sentences, it gives the same meaning as (must).
have to study hard for your
He/she has to get a tourist visa.
However, when you use (have to) in negative sentences
it does not give the same meaning as (must not) or (cannot)
don't have to bring a camera, you can buy one.
You don't have to bring guns.
You must not / cannot bring guns, it is illegal.
(Any) with negative and questions.
I don't have any money. Do
you have any money?
have any food. Does
she/he have any bananas?
(Some) with affirmative (positive) sentences.
has some food.
many with plural nouns (countable nouns)
nouns (books, photographers, friends, students, chairs, tables, bottles,
you have many friends?
many students are going to the sport
are many people waiting
for the next train.
/he is going to give you many flowers
and balloons on your birthday.
many suitcases do you have? I have two suitcases.
much with uncountable nouns.
Uncountable nouns (money, luggage, water, food, work, sugar, flour, rice.)
you buy much food?
How much money do you have?
much does it cost? It costs
too much money.
It is very expensive.
has too much work to do.
much luggage do you have? I have two
pieces of luggage.
either after a negative verb.
doesnt like meat. Athari
can't cook. Faisal can't
Khaled doesn't watch TV.
He doesn't read newspapers either.
Use too after a positive verb.
enjoyed the movie. Muhammad
enjoyed it too.
is a smart student. Ahmed
a smart student too.
wants to be a journalist.
Her friend Nada wants to be a journalist too.
Use definitely when you are
100 percent sure (100%).
I am definitely going to have
dinner with my father tonight.
Use probably when you are not
I will probably play tennis next
page was designed and created for my English 099 classes,
I taught, in the English Language Unit at the Faculty
of Art, in Spring 2001 - Last
updated: Spring 2004